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Taiwan Goose Industry;Present and Future
發文日:2009-04-06
文/畜產試驗所彰化種畜繁殖場 賈玉祥、粘碧珠
I. Present situation of goose industry
According to the Agricultural Statistics Yearbook (2007) there indicated that the annual value of geese production was about 2 billion NT dollar and the annual slaughtered volume were about 5,873 thousand geese in Taiwan. The White Roman breed was the major breed and had 97% of geese market. The number of farms might be about one thousand and three hundred in Taiwan. The White Roman geese feeding area in Taiwan were spread mostly over Yunlin county, Chiayi county, Tainan county, Pingtung county, and Chunghua county. The Chinese geese feeding area in Taiwan were limited in Taoyuan county, Chinchu county, and Miaoli county. The goose was a seasonal breeder. For limitation of reproduction season, in the past the geese farmer had a half year feeding geese and had a half year feeding Muscovy. Raising geese or not the farmers were dependent on the situation of industrial environment at that time. Since 1999 there was motivated the good goose management system by Council of Agriculture,Executive Yuan (COA). Under this system the number of eggs incubated and the number of gosling produced were announced weekly by geese information stations. The farmers would be coordinated with the figures announced. The goose industry would enter into the substantial era.
II. Technique development and extension
A. Technique of environment-controlled house for breeders:The researchers of Chunghua Animal Propagation Station (Chunghua APS) and
the professors of universities were organized as a work group by COA in 2003. The mission of this group were to motivate the technique of environment- controlled house for the goose reproduction period adjusted. Owing to increase volume of gosling produced and better performance of breeders there are nearly about 40 farms which were applied this technique at present. Hence Taiwan are the first one in the world, people who live in here can enjoy the fresh and high quality of goose meat in the whole year.
B. PeiDou White Goose Line:The White Roman Goose breed was the major one of breeds which possessed about 97% of goose market in Taiwan. Most of meat type goose were derived from the White Roman Goose breed and traced back the ancestor which came from abroad. In 1970 years Chunghua APS imported White Roman Goose breeders from Denmark and USA. Under closed breeding population the BLUP selection technique were used by Chunghua APS. The selection and breeding had been processed for two decade since 1974. In 2009 the new line of the White Roman Goose which would adapt the subtropical environment was called PeiDou White Goose . PeiDou White Goose that was the first one using the local place name as the breed name in poultry officially approved by COA. It could be expected that the number of breeders imported could be replaced by PeiDou White Geese and the PeiDou White Goose Line could be increased the competitiveness of Taiwan goose industry in the world.
III. Future of goose industry
In the future of Taiwan goose industry there would be planned goose meat or fertilized eggs exported to neighbor countries. The business type of Taiwan goose industry had been already shifted from sideline to enterprise in recent years. Under the global economic recession the goose farmers copped actively with the scheme of the breeders performance improvement which was sponsored by COA in2006. In 2008 they participated in the plan of good goose propagation farms evaluated that was also sponsored by COA. At the same time Chunghua APS had motivated the production system of PeiDou White Goose. The goose farmers that owned the technique of environment- controlled house united with government policy. It could be believed that Taiwan goose industry could expressed the health, the efficiency, and substantial industry.